Members of the Gordonia youth movement reading during a class, Lodz Ghetto, 1941.

Members of the Gordonia youth movement reading during a class, Lodz Ghetto, 1941.

From the end of 1941, schools in the ghetto ceased to operate, and the youth movements became substitute learning centers. The Zionist youth movements, including Gordonia, placed a special  emphasis on learning Hebrew.

next

 previous