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Yad Vashem Traveling Exhibitions

Private Tolkatchev at the Gates of Hell

Selected Panels from the Exhibition

Taleskoten, 1944Singing Girls, 1945The Savior, 1945One of the Nameless, 1944Lisa, 1945

The Savior, 1945The Savior, 1945
Pencil on paper

Towards the middle of January 1945 as the Soviet Army approached the Auschwitz vicinity the Nazis started retreating quickly from the camp.  Prior to the retreat the Nazis engaged in an operation to destroy evidence – they dismantled the camp’s gas chambers and furnaces and sent them to Germany; the ashes of the dead were buried and covered with newly planted grass.  Most of the camp’s prisoners, 58,000 in number, mainly Jews, were evacuated in brutal death marches in the direction of Germany and Austria.  On January 27, 1945, Red Army soldiers entered Auschwitz-Birkenau...  Some 7,650 prisoners, mostly sick and in a state of collapse, remained alive in the camp.  Given the hurried nature of the retreat, the Germans did not manage to empty the storehouses and these were found and documented by the Soviets....