The Story of a Transport
Selected Panels from the Exhibition
Auschwitz was established as a concentration camp for enemies of the Nazi occupation regime – first Poles, and later other nationalities. During 1942-1944, the camp became the principal extermination center for European Jewry. At Birkenau – Auschwitz II – the Germans erected four murder facilities, each with undressing rooms, gas chambers and crematoria. Jews were sent to Birkenau in transports from all over Europe. Most were exterminated upon arrival. Only a few survived the Selection and remained alive temporarily as camp inmates. In spring and summer 1944, the pace of transports and extermination quickened with the deportation of Hungarian Jews and the liquidation of the Lodz Ghetto.
More than 1,100,000 Jews were murdered at Auschwitz-Birkenau, as well as 70,000 Poles, 25,000 Roma (Gypsies), and approximately 15,000 Soviet prisoners of war.