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Yad Vashem Traveling Exhibitions

Auschwitz Album

The Story of a Transport

Selected Panels from the Exhibition

Resettlement of the Jews from HungaryAn old Jewish woman takes care of the little children on their way to the gas chambersRoll call in front of the kitchen buildingMothers and their children during the interval in the grove

Resettlement of the Jews from HungaryResettlement of the Jews from Hungary

Auschwitz-Birkenau

Auschwitz was established as a concentration camp for enemies of the Nazi occupation regime – first Poles, and later other nationalities. During 1942-1944, the camp became the principal extermination center for European Jewry. At Birkenau – Auschwitz II – the Germans erected four murder facilities, each with undressing rooms, gas chambers and crematoria. Jews were sent to Birkenau in transports from all over Europe. Most were exterminated upon arrival. Only a few survived the Selection and remained alive temporarily as camp inmates. In spring and summer 1944, the pace of transports and extermination quickened with the deportation of Hungarian Jews and the liquidation of the Lodz Ghetto.

More than 1,100,000 Jews were murdered at Auschwitz-Birkenau, as well as 70,000 Poles, 25,000 Roma (Gypsies), and approximately 15,000 Soviet prisoners of war.