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Yad Vashem This Month in Holocaust History
October
October 1948, Jews aboard the “Negba” Ship, Amsterdam, Holland

October 1948

Jews aboard the “Negba” Ship, Amsterdam, Holland

Within the first three years after the establishment of the State of Israel on May 14, 1948, approximately 600,000 immigrants arrived in the new country. These immigrants practically doubled the population of the state. The majority of the new arrivals were Holocaust survivors, and the rest were either from the Arab countries or the Americas.

This photograph of Jews aboard the ship “Negba” was taken in October 1948 in Amsterdam, Holland. The ship originally served as a supply ship in Alaska. The majority of immigrants who reached Israel in its first few months of independence were enlisted in the army and sent to train and then to the battlefield. During the month that the photograph was taken the second lull in the fighting ended and hostilities resumed. Consequently, many of the immigrants who arrived at this time were enlisted and sent into battle.

The “Negba” continued to bring Jews to Israel from Morocco (via Marseilles), France, and Italy until the mid 1950s.

Yad Vashem Photo Archives 3710/7