May 12, 1943
The remains of the Warsaw Ghetto in flames
The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising was the first instance in occupied Europe of an uprising by an urban population. On April 19, 1943, German troops and police entered the ghetto to deport its surviving inhabitants. The ghetto fighters were able to hold out for nearly a month, but on May 16, 1943, the revolt ended. The starved and humiliated Jews stood up against the Germans for a longer period than some independent countries in Europe.