Deportation of Jews from Germany to Lodz, Poland
Approximately 550,000 Jews were living in Germany when the Nazis rose to power. Systematic mass deportations of German Jews began in October 1941. Their main destinations were the Lodz and Warsaw ghettos in Poland, and Riga, Kovno and Minsk in the German-occupied areas of the Soviet Union. Deportees sent to the Soviet Union were shot, while deportees who arrived in Lodz were incarcerated in the overcrowded ghetto. Those who didn’t perish from starvation and disease were deported to the death camps and murdered, as part of the “Final Solution”. With the conclusion of the mass deportations in July 1943, the completion of the liquidation of German Jewry was officially declared. Some 15,000 Jews remained in Germany, mostly thanks to their having non-Jewish spouses.
Approximately 200,000 German Jews were murdered in the Holocaust, and some 300,000 survived, the vast majority having emigrated from Germany on the eve of World War II.
For information about the Lodz Ghetto, click here.
Yad Vashem Photo Archives, 1350