June 15, 1940
Mordechai Rumkowski speaking to a crowd in the Lodz Ghetto, Poland
Mordechai Rumkowski, Chairman of the Judenrat in Lodz, Poland, is pictured here speaking to a crowd in the ghetto on June 15, 1940. Rumkowski was an authoritarian leader who advocated a "salvation through work" policy, in which as many Jews as possible would work in industries for the Germans and thus assure their survival. At the end of July 1944, the remaining Jews in the ghetto – 65,000 out of 204,000 – were deported to Auschwitz.
Yad Vashem Photo Archives 36FO1