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Yad Vashem This Month in Holocaust History
February 1941, Jews from Gora Kalwaria, Poland, who were deported to the Warsaw Ghetto

February 1941

Jews from Gora Kalwaria, Poland, who were deported to the Warsaw Ghetto

On 8 September 1939, Gora Kalwaria was occupied by the Germans. Jews were immediately subject to persecution and anti-Jewish decrees. On 15 January 1940, the Germans ordered the establishment of a Judenrat (Jewish council), whose principal task was to provide a consistent supply of manpower for forced labor.  In February 1940, the Jews were moved to a kind of Jewish quarter, to which Jews from the surrounding villages and refugees from other cities were also brought.  In February 1941, the Jews of Gora Kalwaria were deported to the Warsaw Ghetto; 1,600 were deported on 25 February, and another 1,349 the following day.  The Jews were gathered in the market square, and from there, they marched to the railway station carrying clothes and a little food.  The sick and feeble, and those who tried to hide and evade deportation were shot on the spot.  The deportees were brought to the Warsaw Ghetto, where they became refugees amongst the local population, which was suffering greatly from hunger and disease.  Hundreds of Gora Kalwaria refugees died in the Warsaw Ghetto in the course of 1941.  Those who didn’t perish from starvation or the epidemics were deported to the Treblinka death camp during the Great Deportation from Warsaw in the summer of 1942.

Yad Vashem Photo Archives, 1691