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Yad Vashem This Month in Holocaust History
August 1947, Nuremberg Trials

August 1947

Nuremberg Trials

This photograph was taken during the trial in Nuremberg of senior officials in the chemical company IG Farben, whose subsidiary Degesch produced the Zyklon B gas used for the mass murder of the Jews in the gas chambers of Auschwitz and Majdanek.
In the first row, from left to right:
• August von Knieriem, one of Farben’s directors, with his lawyer. He was acquitted.
• Dr. Fritz Ter Meer, a director of Farben and one of its chief scientists. He received a sentence of seven years imprisonment
• Christian Schneider, a director of Farben. He was responsible for the conditions of the forced laborers in the Farben factories. He was acquitted.
In the second row, from left to right:
• Carl Lautenschlaeger, a production manager of Farben. He was acquitted.
• Wilhelm Mann, a director of Farben, a member of the Commercial Board of Farben and director of sales. He was a member of the SA. He was acquitted.
• Walter Duerrfeld, a director of Farben and a director of the construction of the Farben factory in Auschwitz. He was the director of the Buna Monowitz Camp, otherwise known as Auschwitz III. He was sentenced to 8 years imprisonment.
The Nuremberg trials, international trials for the 22 ministers of the Nazi government as well as other senior officials in the Nazi regime, took place from October 1945 to October 1946. Afterwards, additional trials were held, with thousands of other officials and individuals in the Nazi regime appearing before the International Court in Nuremberg.

Yad Vashem Photo Archives 147GO2