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Until The Last Jew... Until The Last Name

  • Jews being deported from Lodz to Auschwitz in August 1944
  • Local Jews being deported to Auschwitz in April 1944
  • Girls from the home at Saint-Mande who were sent on Transport 77 from France to Auschwitz on July 31,1944
  • Jews being brought to Kosice, Czechoslovakia from surrounding villages on April 17
  • Two children wearing the Jewish badge in the Kovno Ghetto in Feb 1944
  • Children from the children’s home in Izieu, France
  • Deportation of local Jews on wagons from Senec, Czechoslavakia in 1944
  • Jewish female prisoners on their way to forced labor in 1943-1944 in Plaszow
  • Rozel and Kayla Sarah Scheinfeld
  • Dr. Emanuel Ringelbum and his wife Yehudit with their son Uri shortly after his birth
  • Jews who were classified as “not fit for work” waiting in a grove outside Crematoria IV

Jewish women prisoners on their way to forced labor 1943-1944 in Plaszow Jewish female prisoners on their way to forced labor in 1943-1944 in Plaszow

Pictured here are Jewish female prisoners on their way to forced labor in 1943-1944 in Plaszow. The Plaszow camp was set up in the fall of 1942 as a forced labor camp for the Jews of neighboring Krakow. It was run by the local SS headquarters, but until its transformation into an official SS concentration camp on 11 January 1944, most of its guards were Ukrainians. Following its transformation into a concentration camp, Hungarian and Slovak Jews were brought there too. From May 1944, traffic in and out of the camp increased greatly as Plaszow served as a transit camp for Jews on the way to Auschwitz and other camps. Prisoners only stopped arriving in the fall of 1944, when evacuation of the camp commenced. In September 1944, as part of the operation to downsize and eventually dismantle the camp, a special SS unit opened up the mass graves on site and burned the bodies, thereby erasing all evidence of the atrocities committed.

The last remaining Jews were sent from Plaszow to Auschwitz on 17 January, 1945, just three days before the Red Army reached Krakow.

The Germans forced Plaszow inmates to work in a large number of factories, both within and outside the camp. Oskar Schindler, a German industrialist and businessman, owned an enamel factory in the Zablocie industrial zone, in the south part of  Krakow, and employed Jews from the ghetto to work there until the ghetto’s liquidation in mid 1943. After that, he turned his factory into a sub-camp of Plaszow, and in this way, was able to save about 900 Jews from the camp.

Click here to see aerial photos of the camp.

Pages of Testimony

Pages of Testimony for Jews sent from Plaszow to Auschwitz

Stefan Weinreb

Stefan Weinreb

Joachim Berger

Joachim Berger