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The Anguish of Liberation and the Return to Life

The Anguish of Liberation
Yad Vashem Photo Archives, 4D08
Jewish prisoners posing for a photograph after the liberation – Dachau, Germany, 1945

Dachau was a concentration camp for opponents to the Nazi regime, including Jews. Approximately 67,000 prisoners were liberated there on 29 April, 1945, about a third of them Jews. Survivors of the camp had no possessions or means, and thus many of them walked free still wearing prison garb, as they had no other clothes to wear. Only a joint effort by different Jewish organizations, such as the Joint Distribution Committee, and donations from all over the world, enabled them to receive new garments and to finally shed the uniforms that were synonymous with camp life.