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The Anguish of Liberation and the Return to Life

The Anguish of Liberation
Yad Vashem Photo Archives, 3380/599
Moishele Kapanski crawling out of a hole in the wall after the liberation – Vilna, Poland, 1944

On 23-24 September, 1943, the Germans liquidated the Vilna ghetto. Approximately 1,000 Jews remained and hid in the empty ghetto, but in the two months following the liquidation, the majority of them were caught. Of the remainder, only about 200 Jews survived the hunger and terrible conditions, and were liberated on 13 July, 1944, when the Red Army liberated Vilna.