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Yad Vashem No Child's Play

Before the War


Jewish kindergarten, Berlin 1934
Jewish kindergarten, Berlin 1934
Names and fate of these children from Poland are unknown
Names and fate of these children
from Poland are unknown
Atara Zimmerman of Eishishok, Lithuania, October 30, 1930. The family fled to the USA and survived. Relatives who remained behind in Eishishok perished
Atara Zimmerman of Eishishok, Lithuania,
October 30, 1930. The family fled to the
USA and survived. Relatives who
remained behind in Eishishok perished

The world of Jewish children in Europe before the Holocaust was characterized by a diversity almost equal to the number of the individuals involved: each child and his family, each child and his immediate surroundings, each child and the cultural environment in which he was raised. Some studied in “cheder” and lived in an intensely orthodox environment; others learned in state schools and were totally secular in outlook. Between these two extremes lay every shade of religious outlook and belief. Many of the games that the children played and the books they read are part of the social culture of children today: street and ball games; toys; board games such as “Monopoly” and chess; books like The Hunchback of Notre Dame and Anne of Green Gables, and characters from Walt Disney films such as Mickey Mouse and Snow-White and the Seven Dwarfs.

Regine (Rivka) Gartenlaub-Avihail, advertisement for coffee, Paris, 1939. Regina spent the Nazi occupation in hiding with a Christian family
Regine (Rivka) Gartenlaub-Avihail,
advertisement for coffee, Paris, 1939.
Regina spent the Nazi occupation
in hiding with a Christian family
Twins Celina and Fay Friedmann, born in Poland in December 1933. Both survived the Holocaust
Twins Celina and Fay Friedmann,
born in Poland in December 1933.
Both survived the Holocaust