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Baden-Baden, Germany

Permanent residence for Jews was permitted in Baden-Baden in 1862. The Jewish community grew rapidly. A splendid synagogue was completed in the late 1800’s. Most Jewish organizations in Germany had offices there. Antisemitism intensified after WWI driving away Jewish vacationers who would come to visit the local mineral springs. In 1937 health facilities and public parks were closed to the Jews. Following the events of Kristallnacht, many Jews left the city. Of these, 46 were later trapped and deported, as were the 114 sent to the Gurs concentration camp in southern France directly from the city in October 1940.