Eichmann Escapes to Argentina
In December 1944, before Eichmann could complete the deportation of the Jews of Budapest, and a few days before the Hungarian capital fell to the Red Army, he hastily decamped back to Germany. Eichmann was ,soon after apprehended by the Americans, caught masquerading under the false name Otto Eckmann. After fleeing the American detention camp in January 1946, he hid out on a farm for a few months going on to live in the British occupation zone under the borrowed identity of Otto Henninger. Along with many Nazi criminals, in 1950 he was granted a Catholic Church "certificate of indulgence," which enabled him to sail clandestinely from Italy to Argentina under the false identity of "Ricardo Klement." At this time, Argentina had become a safe haven for thousands of Nazi criminals who arrived by what was known as "the rat route." Going under his false name, Eichmann was employed at the Mercedes-Benz workshop. In 1952 his wife and children joined him.
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The Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany works to secure compensation and restitution for survivors of the Holocaust.
Since 1951, the Claims Conference - working in partnership with the State of Israel - has negotiated for and distributed payments from Germany, Austria, other governments, and certain industry; recovered unclaimed German Jewish property; and funded programs to assist the neediest Jewish victims of Nazism.