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19 km from Auschwitz. The Story of Trzebinia

Trzebinia (Yiddish: Chebin, Chubin, Treshbin),

Chrzanów District, Kraków Region, Poland

Introduction

"Just 19 kilometers from Auschwitz… we knew about Auschwitz, but we didn’t know then, in our time, that they burnt people there, that it was a crematorium... they said there was a camp there… but nobody knew… it was so close, and so far..." (Pinchas Tzimerman)

On the eve of WWII, about 1,500 Jews lived in Trzebinia, a community bubbling with Chassidic life and Torah learning, Zionism and a pioneering spirit, political parties and youth movements.

On 29 May 1942 (13 Sivan 5702), the deportation of the Jews of Trzebinia began. That day, SS and German police forces surrounded the ghetto, and a selection was carried out. The young and healthy were sent to work in factories in the nearby town of Chrzanów and forced labor camps within the Reich borders. A week later, those who remained were sent to Auschwitz, where they were murdered in the gas chambers on their arrival.

After the war, only 270 Jews from Trzebinia remained alive.

This is the story of the community of Trzebinia.


The online exhibition was made possible through the generous support of:

Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany

The Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany works to secure compensation and restitution for survivors of the Holocaust.

Since 1951, the Claims Conference - working in partnership with the State of Israel - has negotiated for and distributed payments from Germany, Austria, other governments, and certain industry; recovered unclaimed German Jewish property; and funded programs to assist the neediest Jewish victims of Nazism.