The History of the Mir Community Before the Holocaust
The Interwar Period
With the establishment of independent Poland, Mir became a Polish town in the Nowogródek District. Jews returned and reestablished businesses that had been damaged by the war, but their economic situation remained dire. The largest traders had all but disappeared, and most of the Jews – shopkeepers , peddlers and smalltime merchants – found it difficult to eke out a living.
Nevertheless, the Mir Yeshiva that had left during the war returned to the town, and Jews went back to earning money from renting out rooms to and providing services for yeshiva students. Most of the families also had children overseas, some of whom supported their relatives in Mir. Communal Jewish institutions in the US also aided Mir's Jewish community in its restoration efforts. Veteran charity organizations such as "Linat Tzedek", "Bikur Cholim," "Hachnasat Orchim and "Lechem Aniyim" renewed operations, as well as two aid funds that provided loans to shopkeepers and factory owners, and helped needy yeshiva students with small loans against collateral.
Political activity also reawakened and became vibrant once more. One after the other, parties and movements from across the political spectrum began to establish themselves in Mir, including youth movements and the "Youth Circle for Independent Education" (Jugendkreis).