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Flight Through Uzbekistan and Iran   |   A Shattered World

A blanket that the Druks family used to cover themselves at night. During the day it served as a sack to quickly transport their belongings when they travelled from place to place A blanket that the Druks family used to cover themselves at night. During the day it served as a sack to quickly transport their belongings when they travelled from place to place
Iro & Lucja Druks, August 1937 Iro & Lucja Druks, August 1937 Additional pictures

The Druks family from Oswieçim – Iro, Lucja and their two small children, nine year old Adam and four year old Elinoar – fled eastwards to Lvov when the Germans invaded Poland. Lucja’s parents, Joachim (Hayim) and Josephina (Pepi) Liebermann, fled with them. Iro Druks’ family lived in Vienna and were deported from their homes to death camps during the war.

Before the war the extended Druks & Liebermann families lived in comfort in Oswieçim, Poland. Iro Druks served as a lawyer for many of the residents of the town and Haim Liebermann was the director of a successful factory. When Germany invaded Poland the family escaped east to Lvov in the factory car to Soviet controlled territory. When, as refugees, they refused Soviet citizenship in the summer of 1940, they were deported to slave labor camps in the eastern regions of the Soviet Union. Only after the German invasion of the Soviet Union, were they released and allowed to leave the camps.

The Druks and Leiberman families decided to distance themselves from the front and continue their journey eastwards. At the beginning of 1942, the two families reached Samarkand, Uzbekistan. The Druks family managed to reach units of General Ander’s troops and to accompany them to Teheran (the Polish army formed after Germany’s attack of the Soviet Union in 1941 and commanded by the Polish Government in exile in London). On the last day of 1942 the Druks family immigrated to Eretz Israel. Haim & Pepi Liebermann who couldn’t join the journey to Teheran due to their age, stayed behind in Samarkand until the end of the war. They returned to Oswieçim and only managed to immigrate to Israel at a later date.

Yad Vashem Artifacts Collection
Gift of Elinoar (Druks) Paleiov, Rehovot, and Adam Druks, Kfar Vradim, Israel

Adam & Elinoar on holiday in the Carpathian mountains, 1937 Adam & Elinoar on holiday in the Carpathian mountains, 1937

Grandparents Haim & Pepi Lieberman, 1931 Grandparents Haim & Pepi Lieberman, 1931

A sewing kit belonging to Pepi Leibermann A sewing kit belonging to Pepi Leibermann

Clothing of Elinoar Druks Clothing of Elinoar Druks

A sock that belonged to Joachim Hayim Leibermann, grandfather of Elinoar Druks A sock that belonged to Joachim Hayim Leibermann, grandfather of Elinoar Druks

A cloth bag used to preserve Adam Druks’ documents A cloth bag used to preserve Adam Druks’ documents

A postcard received in Russia by Pepi Leibermann in 1940 from her stepmother Rosa Kugel in Oswiecim A postcard received in Russia by Pepi Leibermann in 1940 from her stepmother Rosa Kugel in Oswiecim