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Life in the Camps

Few of those deported to the camps survived. The few artifacts in our collection from this period, while in no way representative, allow us a glimpse of life in the camps.

The network of camps established by the Nazis was large and intricate, and included many camps with different objectives operating under different conditions, from transit and labor camps, to extermination camps. Many of the camps, Auschwitz-Birkenau being a prime example, were actually vast complexes comprising not only the machinery of murder, but also hundreds of sub-camps, in which thousands of Jews and other prisoners were assigned to slave labor in factories that fuelled the Nazi war effort.