In the video, "The Development of the 'Final Solution'", Dr. David Silberklang provides an overview of what came to be known as the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question", which ended in the murder of some six million Jews. Dr. Silberklang identifies several major steps, sometimes occuring concurrently, including the prewar separation and escalating anti-Jewish measures, exploring a territorial solution, increasing murder during the German territorial expansion, murder in other countries and of other groups, early attempts at mass-murder systems, the "Wansee Conference", and the fully mechanized mass-murder of the final years of the War.
Dr. David Silberklang is Senior Historian and Editor of Yad Vashem Studies at theInternational Institute for Holocaust Research, Yad Vashem.
- Part 1: Introduction 00:00
- Part 2: Persecution and Murder Beyond Germany’s Borders 3:32
- Part 3: Systematic Murder Begins and Spreads 5:04
- Part 4: The “Final Solution to the Jewish Question” 9:58
Archival footage and photographs:
- Yad Vashem Archive
- Yad Vashem Photo Archive.
- Yad Vashem Film Archive.
- Yad Vashem Museum Collection.
- The Yad Vashem Visual Center
- Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
- Agentur Karl Höffkes
- Bundesfilmarchiv/Transit Film GmbH.
- Footage of Rudolf Bohlmann used with the kind permission of Eginhard Teichmann.
- Staatsarchivs Stuttgart.
- The Netherlands Institute for Sound and Music (Beeld en Geluid).
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Film produced by Mikooka Productions - www.mikooka.com.
Further Pedagogical Considerations
- We see the unfolding of events that ended up as the Holocaust. Understand the parallel processes taking place.
- The information provided here should be factored in as a necessary context for understanding the “Final Solution”. In proceeding to address this issue in the classroom - and keeping in mind that all material must be age-appropriate - remember to leave significant room for addressing the voice of those persecuted and murdered. The central educational value for the student will be in exploring how these people lived and acted. We should recall that in many cases, the Jews did not know about, or received only partial or hearsay information of, the scale and degree of the murder.
- Consider the problem at the root of the functionalist/intentionalist divide; this can also serve as a useful question in exploring historical processes in general.
- Basic Bibliography of the Holocaust
- Ghettos in Nazi Occupied Europe 1939-1944
- Main Camps and Killing Sites During the Nazi Era
- Nazi Domination in Europe 1938-1942
- Estimated Losses to Eastern European Jewry
- “Operation Reinhard”: Extermintation Camps of Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka Yitzhak Arad
- Hans Krueger and the Murder of the Jews in the Stanislawow Region (Galicia) Dieter Pohl
- The Escalation of German-Rumanian Anti-Jewish Policy after the Attack on the Soviet Union, June 22, 1941 Andrej Angrick
- The “Final Solution” -- A Bureaucratic Process or an Ideological Genocide?
- Online Course – The "Final Solution"
- Timeline of the Holocaust – 1940-1945
- The Central Datebase of Shoah Victims' Names
- The Implementation of the Final Solution
- The Invasion of the Soviet Union and the Beginnings of Mass Murder
- The Development of the Final Solution Dr. Havi Dreifuss
- Resource Center – The Evolution of the Final Solution
- Holocaust History - The Beginning of the Final Solution
- Holocaust History - The Implementation of the Final Solution