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Rachel Auerbach and the Public Kitchen in the Warsaw Ghetto

“No Words Can Express What Has Happened”


In Nazi-occupied Poland, historian Emanuel Ringelblum, who headed the Jewish Self-Help Society (Jewish relief organization) in Warsaw, asked Rachel Auerbach to organize a public kitchen. Once Jews were forced into the Warsaw Ghetto, public kitchens supplied the hungry masses with a daily meal. Auerbach heeded Ringelblum's request. She also became a member of the clandestine Oneg Shabbat (“Joy of the Sabbath”) Archive. In this capacity she documented the sights she encountered in her everyday work and the starvation of the Ghetto's inhabitants (approx. 450,000 people). Auerbach was one of three of the Archive's members to survive the war. She dedicated her life to the documentation of and research into the Holocaust.

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    Archival footage, photographs and documents:
    - Yad Vashem Archives
    - Jewish Historical Institute, Warsaw
    - Agentur Karl Höffkes
    - Footage of the discovery of the Oneg Shabbat underground archive from "Mir Leben Geblibene - We the Living Remnant" (Poland, 1947), courtesy of Natan and Ya'akov Gross
    - Ghetto Fighters' House Archives, Israel
    - Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    - Bundesfilmarchiv/Transit Film GmbH
    - Footage of Rudolf Bohlmann used with the kind permission of Eginhard Teichmann
    - State Archive of the Russian Federation

    - Rachel Auerbach, In the Streets of Warsaw (Hebrew)
    - Rachel Auerbach, The Wills of Warsaw (Hebrew)

    Every effort has been made to locate the copyright holders to obtain the appropriate permissions and apply the correct attributions. If you have any information that would help us in relation to copyright, please contact us

    Supervising Director: Mika Orr
    Producer: Gili Nadav
    Director and Editor: Eyal Or
    Production design & After effects: Ohad Elimelech
    Sound Editor: Itai Matos
    Online Editor: Dima Lydkhov
    Narration of Young Rachel: Cassie Hirsh
    Narration Old Rachel: Dawn-The Voice Realm
    Produced by Mikooka Productions -