The International School for Holocaust Studies
Liberation and the Return to Life – Marking 70 Years since the End of World War II
Shalom and welcome to the 33rd issue of Teaching the Legacy.
This year marks 70 years since the end of World War II. As such, we have dedicated this newsletter to liberation and the return to life. As the German army retreated during the last months of the war, the Allied soldiers discovered tens of thousands of Nazi concentration camps. Soviet soldiers were the first to liberate concentration camp prisoners in the summer of 1944. The first major concentration camp they liberated was Majdanek near Lublin in Poland. When they liberated Auschwitz in January 1945, Soviet soldiers found only several thousand emaciated prisoners alive who resembled skeletons. The months and years of abuse, violence, brutality, forced labor, disease, horrifying sanitary conditions and the lack of food made many so weak that they could hardly move. Those who survived the first weeks after liberation faced a long and difficult return to life.
Introductory Article – "Liberation and the Return to Life "
Article – "Displaced Persons Camps"
Article – "Anti-Jewish Violence in Poland After Liberation"
View Yad Vashem’s newest publications.
What’s New at the International School for Holocaust Studies
- European Department:
"Yad Vashem is a Study Center that Everyone has to Visit."
In Summer 2015, the European Department will be hosting seminars from various European nations, including: Austria, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom and more. The feedback from the seminar participants has been very gratifying. An educator who participated in a professional development seminar coordinated with the Cypriot Ministry of Education, recently noted:
“First of all, I would like to say many thanks for the organization of this seminar. We gain new information, not only historical but also pedagogical. Yad Vashem is a study center that everyone has to visit. The lectures were informative and very useful to us, as teachers we have been provided with a lot of ideas that we can implement in educational actions. Furthermore, the visits to the Holocaust museum, the art museum, the synagogue and more let us learn a lot of things…"For more information about the European Department, see here.
- International Seminars for Educators in the Jewish World Department: For more information about upcoming seminars, you can visit the Jewish World Department website.
- International Seminars in the English Department
For more information about upcoming seminars, you can visit the English Department website.
Article – "The Difficulties Involved in the Rescue of Children By Non-Jews – Before and After Liberation"
This article describes the difficult dilemmas faced by parents who tried to rescue their children during the Holocaust by giving them over to non-Jews, the difficulties. faced by the non-Jews who rescued these children, and – most tragic – the difficulties faced by the children themselves after liberation
Article – "Poetry At Liberation"
An Interview with June (Goldie) Mann
In this section, we feature some Holocaust-related literature that may be of interest to educators and the general public.
A review of The Dead Man in the Bunker: Discovering My Father, by Martin Pollack.
A review of The Suffering of the Roma in Serbia During the Holocaust, by Milovan Pisarri.
What’s New at Yad Vashem
Producer Branko Lustig presented his Oscar for "Schindler's List" to Yad Vashem's Visual Center
On Wednesday, July 22, 2015, Croatian film producer and Holocaust survivor Branko Lustig presented the Oscar awarded to him by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for Schindler's List, Best Picture of 1993 to Yad Vashem Chairman Avner Shalev. The Oscar is on display in Yad Vashem's Visual Center – the world's digital film library for Holocaust related films.
The event took place during the official visit to Yad Vashem by Croatian President H.E. Ms. Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović. The President toured the Holocaust History Museum, participated in a memorial ceremony in the Hall of Remembrance, and spoke at the ceremony presenting the Oscar to Yad Vashem.
Editorial Board: Shulamit Imber, Eyal Kaminka, Dana Porath, Naama Shik
Editors: Sheryl Ochayon, Franziska Reiniger
Writing Staff: Kathryn Berman, Jackie Metzger, Sheryl Ochayon, Franziska Reiniger, Sandra Rosenfeld, and Richelle Budd Caplan
Design and Production: Rivka Nisinkoren
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