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The International School for Holocaust Studies

New Yad Vashem Publications



Conscripted Slaves

Conscripted Slaves

Hungarian Jewish Forced Laborers on the Eastern Front during the Second World War

Editors: Robert Rozett

From the spring of 1942 until the summer of 1944, some 45,000 Jewish men were forced to accompany Hungarian troops to the battle zone of the Former Soviet Union. The Hungarian authorities considered these men unworthy of bearing weapons, yet they demanded they take part fully in the “blood sacrifice” that was the war against Stalin and his forces. Some 80% of the Jewish forced laborers never returned home. They fell prey to battle, starvation, disease, and grinding labor, aggravated immensely by brutality and even outright murder at the hands of the Hungarian soldiers responsible for them. This study tells the story of these modern-day slaves - a story that is integral to understanding the destruction of Hungarian Jewry in the Holocaust.
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The Kasztner Report

The Kasztner Report

The Report of the Budapest Jewish Rescue Committee 1942-1945

By Rezső Kasztner
Editors: László Karsai & Judit Molnár

Rezső Kasztner was one of the most controversial figures to emerge from war torn Europe and the ashes of the Shoah. A leader of the Budapest Jewish Rescue Committee, during the last year of the war in Europe, the Zionist Kasztner became the point man for negotiations with the SS to save Hungarian Jewry. In Israel in the 1950s he was vilified by some for having sold out his Jewish brethren and was saddled with the blame for the suffering and murder of the lion’s share of Hungarian Jewry. Kasztner was assassinated in Tel Aviv following a spectacular post-war libel trial in which he had tried to defend his good name. Today scholarship sees him in a different light and his Report, now published in English and with scholarly footnotes for the first time, is one of the main reasons why.
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Survival in the Forest

Survival in the Forest

The Świrz Camp

Editors: Isidore Karten

Isidore Karten was born in an idyllic shtetl in Świrz, Eastern Galicia. He experienced the hardship of the Soviet occupation, and witnessed the German troops marching into town in July 1941. The Germans established the ghetto in Bóbrka, and the remainder of the Jews were ordered into the ghetto. Isidore and his brother joined the Jewish partisans in the Świrz Forest, and Isidore went from ghetto to ghetto calling upon young people to come to the forest to fight. It was on a visit to the Bóbrka ghetto that he met his wife-to-be, Julia, who joined the partisans, and they were married in the forest.
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Last Letters from the Shoah

Last Letters from the Shoah

Editor: Walter Zwi Bacharach

New updated edition

“These are my last words…” is a sentence found over and over again in this unique volume of letters written by those who would not survive the Holocaust. The letters were uncovered over the last 60 years, hoarded by the victims’ families and friends, and ultimately collected by Yad Vashem. These last letters were sent from the ghettos, hidden in the cattle cars and train stations, and smuggled out of the concentration camps. Each short letter describes the end of a difficult journey as it reveals the raw emotions of mothers, fathers, sisters, and brothers, trying desperately to tell their story before it is too late.
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