עברית
Contact Us Purchase the CD Additional Materials About Us Print Lesson Glossary Gallery Timeline
Yad Vashem
 
Afterword Yad Vashem The Family Camp Yad Vashem Women & Men Yad Vashem The World of Adults Yad Vashem Children & Adults Yad Vashem The World of Children Yad Vashem Madrichim & Children Yad Vashem Parents & Children
Yad Vashem
Yad Vashem
Yad Vashem  For the teacher
In Theresienstadt many children lived together in their own barracks.
The spirit of the youth movements served as a basis for the life in the barracks. In these barracks, the children were under the authority of their leaders, who, in many cases, were only a few years older than the children.
The Zionist ideology assumed a central position in these frameworks. The Zionist madrichim worked on promoting Zionist and pioneering values to the children. This world-view was foreign to many of them since they came from assimilated homes. Nevertheless, other ideological groups - political and religious - were active, reflecting various sectors of Czech Jewry and other groups in the ghetto.
The need to protect the children from the difficult reality in the ghetto led the Jewish leadership to separate the children from their parents. By doing so, they created an alternative to family life. The madrichim were responsible for the daily routine and the activities in the children's homes. Moreover, since the family framework had largely been dismantled, intimate emotions such as love, anger, and dependence, which had formerly been directed at the parents, were now directed at the madrichim.
Yad Vashem
Yad Vashem  For the Teacher
A substitute figure can often try to take the place of the person who is absent. Sometimes he/she can console and give hope, but he/she can never be that person. In fact, he/she often intensifies the pain created by the absence of the person.
Yad Vashem

Yad Vashem

In the barracks the children lived under the authority of the leaders. How much was this framework able to serve as a substitute for the family unit and which jobs did the leaders take upon themselves? We will study this through the eyes of the children and the way in which they expressed themselves as they described their leaders.
Yad Vashem
Yad Vashem Activity:
Read the next 3 sources. Afterwards, fill out the graph.

Source A The Czech Girls' Home
Source B Jewish Education in the Ghetto
Source C The Betreuers
Yad Vashem
In Column A, write the name of the madrich or madricha whom the text refers to. In Column B, indicate which figure, in your opinion, they are replacing: a father, a mother, a grandfather, a brother, disciplinarians, storytellers, friends or teacher etc. In Column C, indicate whether, in your opinion, the madrichim succeeded in providing the child with a sense of the figure they were replacing.
The madrich or madricha (name if there is one) The figure that the madrich or madricha is replacing Does the madrich or madricha provide a sense of the missing figure?
Summary...
Previous   Yad Vashem   Continue
Yad Vashem
Terms & Conditions |  Privacy Policy Copyright ©2010 Yad Vashem The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority