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Yad Vashem  For the teacher
The periodical Kamarad is an example of the creativity and independence of the children during the Holocaust and their ability to express themselves in different areas. By reading the periodical we can learn about how the children lived in the ghetto, what interests they had, what was important to them, and what role imagination and humor had even in those difficult times?
We have learnt a little about the knowledge and understanding that the children had regarding the reality in which they lived, and the tools they used in order to deal with the reality surrounding them. The reality of the children's life was influenced, to a large extent, by the fact that they lived in heims under the supervision of the youth leaders.
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By reading the children's newspapers, we can learn about the way that the children dealt with daily life in the ghetto. In Theresienstadt, a number of newspapers were published, amongst them Vedem and Kamarad.
The Kamarad ("Comrade") periodical was published in Q609, the children's barrack shared by Czech and German speaking boys and girls. The 22 bulletins of Kamarad were written by children in their childish handwriting, and illustrated by the editor, Ivan Polak, without the assistance of the madrichim. The objective of Kamarad, like other children's periodicals, was to entertain, provide reading materials, and impart knowledge.



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Yad Vashem Activity:
Read the following sources and watch the testimony on video:

When you are finished, you can discuss the questions in the next paragraph:
Source A Pischkollonne
Source B The fun corner
Source C The Deportations
Source D Advertisement and Announcements!
Source E Sports
Source F The Deportations
Source G Yehuda Bacon about the Deportations to the East
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Yad Vashem Questions for discussion:
a. Is there a connection between the historical reality (As we explained in the introduction- note the time line and the number of "deportations" indicated on it, especially in 1942) and the important topics in the periodical?
b. Is there a feeling of terror and pending disaster? How can this be explained?

How did these conditions impact on the relationships between the children and those surrounding them?
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