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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

Yad Vashem Studies

Yad Vashem Studies 38:2 Yad Vashem Studies 38:2

Yad Vashem Studies, Vol. 38:2

Dr. David Silberklang

Yad Vashem Studies, volume 38:2 features five research articles and three review articles by an international array of scholars. Four research articles look at the interactions between the periphery and the center in addressing policy toward Jews during the Holocaust, whether among German or Allied authorities. These articles demonstrate the extent of the impact of local officials’ concerns and interests on their governments’ actions regarding Jews, and on many Jews’ fate. The very nature of how to approach this history in the larger context is the subject of the fifth research article as well as of the review articles to a great degree.

Two articles address the interplay among German economic interests, war aims, and ideology regarding Jews. Eliezer Schwartz reviews in depth the impact of IG Farben’s construction of the Buna industrial complex on the development and operation of Birkenau in its dual role as an extermination center for Jews and as a central reserve of Jewish labor for the Reich, while Stefan Lehnstädt examines German exploitation of Jewish labor in the provincial ghettos in the Warthegau region of occupied Poland. These articles show vast German opportunism on both the personal and industrial levels, operating within an ideological framework that had set the parameters for the destruction of the Jews. Albert Kaganovitch looks at the interplay, lack of coordination, and contradictions between national policies and local authorities in the USSR and how they affected the lives of hundreds of thousands of Jewish refugees, who suffered from hunger, illness, and high mortality. Jan Láníček looks at the interplay between center and periphery in the treatment of Jewish issues aired in wartime Czechoslovak government broadcasts to occupied Europe over the BBC. Although not devoid of humanitarian concern for the Jews, the broadcasts avoided highlighting Jewish issues out of concern for the possible negative reaction of the people at home. Using David Engel’s recent book Historians of the Jews and the Holocaust as a springboard for discussion, Guy Miron provides a penetrating analysis of Holocaust scholarship and general Jewish history, and the respective places of each in the other field of inquiry. This issue also features three book review articles: Yehuda Bauer on Bogdan Musial’s Sowjetische Partisanen: Mythos und Wirklichkeit; Ingo Loose on Martin Dean’s Robbing the Jews: The Confiscation of Jewish Property in the Holocaust, 1933–1945; and Andrew Apostolou on Katherine Fleming’s Greece: A Jewish History.

Contents

Introduction

Eliezer Schwartz (Abstract)
The Role of IG Farben-Auschwitz in the Construction of the Birkenau Extermination Camp

Stephan Lehnstaedt (Abstract)
Jewish Labor in the Smaller Ghettos in the Warthegau Region

Albert Kaganovitch (Abstract)
Jewish Refugees and Soviet Authorities during World War II

Jan Láníček (Abstract)
The Czechoslovak Service of the BBC and the Jews during World War II

Guy Miron (Abstract)
Bridging the Divide: Holocaust versus Jewish History Research — Problems and Challenges

Reviews

Yehuda Bauer (Abstract)
Soviet Partisans and the Jews
Bogdan Musial, Sowjetische Partisanen: Mythos und Wirklichkeit

Andrew Apostolou (Abstract)
When Did Greek Jews Become Greek?
Katherine E. Fleming, Greece: A Jewish History

Ingo Loose (Abstract)
Plunder by Decree
Martin Dean, Robbing the Jews: The Confiscation of Jewish Property in the Holocaust, 1933–1945