About Yad Vashem
Righteous Among the Nations Award Ceremony Honoring Wojciech, Helena, Zofia, and Wladyslawa Twardzicki from Poland
On Wednesday, December 30, 2009, Yad Vashem held a ceremony honoring the late Wojciech Twardzicki from Poland and his daughters Helena, Zofia, and the late Wladyslawa, as Righteous Among the Nations. The ceremony took place in the presence of the granddaughter of the Righteous, Jadwiga Zarnowiecka, Holocaust survivor Zahava (nee Waic) Schwartz, Polish Ambassador to Israel Agnieszka Magdziak Miszewska, Holocaust survivors and members of the Commission for the Designation of the Righteous.
A memorial ceremony was held in the Hall of Remembrance. It was followed by the ceremony awarding the medal and certificate to the Righteous in the Synagogue and the unveiling of the names of the Righteous in the Garden of the Righteous at Yad Vashem.
On September 8, 1939, the city of Jaslo in Western Galicia was occupied by the Nazis. Many Jews attempted to flee, but the German Army prevented their escape and returned them to their homes. The Jews of Jaslo suffered and were persecuted: they were beaten in the streets; they were forced into hard labor; their homes and stores were looted; and they were obligated to wear a white armband marked with a blue Star of David.
In 1941, the Jews were sequestered in a ghetto in a small quarter of the city. In July 1942, some months before the liquidation of the ghetto, young Zahava Schwartz escaped from the ghetto to the house of some family friends, the Twardzickis, who lived in the neighboring town of Birowka, where she was hidden together with her cousin Mina.
The Twardzicki family was kind and warm hearted. The mother of the family died of an illness shortly after the arrival of Zahava and Mina, and the father, Wojciech, together with his three daughters, Helena, Wladyslawa and Zofia, devotedly cared for the two girls. For two years, the family provided the young girls with food, shelter and all their needs, all without receiving any compensation. They protected them, hiding them in a closet, the attic or the stables during raids by the German police.
Zahava's parents, Hinda and Pinchas Elazar Waic and her sister Esther, were murdered when the Jaslo ghetto was liquidated.
On April 10, 1994, the Commission for the Designation of the Righteous at Yad Vashem decided to recognize Wojciech Twardzicki and his daughters, Helena, Wladyslawa and Zofia, as Righteous Among the Nations.