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ChGK Soviet Reports

The Yad Vashem Archives hold a vast collection of documents amassed by the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission (ChGK).

The ChGK report from Karasubazar The ChGK report from Karasubazar GARF 7021-9-80, copy YVA JM/1993

The following report of the ChGK from May, 1944 contains a description of the mass murder of the Jews in Karasubazar:
… The second kind of atrocity was the massacre of the [Ashkenazi] Jewish population of the town with a total of 62 victims. In December 1941 the Germans ordered all the Jews (via the community elder) to appear at the town administration building with their belongings in order to be sent to work. All the Jews who assembled at the town administration [building] were taken by the Germans along Sadovaya Street. Their belongings were loaded onto a truck and driven to the SD [headquarters] at No. 45 Annanyevskaya Street. All the Jews were shot to death and buried near the hatchery at an anti-tank trench. The shooting of the Jewish population was carried out on direct orders from the chief of the German gendarmerie SD [sic], Paul Manto....

The ChGK report from Karasubazar The ChGK report from Karasubazar GARF 7021-9-80, copy YVA JM/ 19913

The following report of the ChGK from October 6, 1944 contains a description of the mass murder of the Jews in Karasubazar:
From the testimony of Anastasiya Lashenko, 58 years old, who was living on the outskirts of Karasubazar during the German-Romanian occupation
… My house is located near the roads leading to Seitler and Vasilyevka villages. At the junction of these two roads there was a partly completed anti-tank trench. At the beginning of the German-Romanian occupation the anti-tank trench was expanded to 3 meters in depth, 4 meters in width and 20 meters in length. Approximately in the first half of December 1941 [the Germans] began to carry out mass shootings of town residents at this trench. In December 1941 I myself saw a group of about 70 Jews who had been brought from Karasubazar. In this group were children of all ages. They were poisoned by smearing an ointment on their lips and then, when they were dead, they were thrown into the pit. The adults were shot to death....

The ChGK report from Karasubazar The ChGK report from Karasubazar GARF 7021-9-80, copy YVA JM/19913

The following report of the ChGK from October 6, 1944 contains a description of the mass murder of the Jews in Karasubazar:
From the testimony of Semyon Plakhti, who was born in 1892 and who lived near Karasubazar during the German-Romanian occupation:
… At the beginning of December 1941 a German captain came to my apartment and ordered me to let Anastasia Lashenko into my apartment. At the same time he told me to close the windows and immediately added that on this day they [the Germans] were going to massacre the Jews. At 3 p. m. the same day I saw a number of people guarded by Germans coming from Karasubazar and heading toward the anti-tank trench. Among the crowd I saw children being carried in women's [their mothers'] arms, children who were walking, and elderly men and women, some of whom were carrying belongings with them. When this crowd reached the trench, I heard screaming and, out of the general screaming, I could hear people shouting "I am Russian," children crying, and immediately afterward sub-machine guns shooting and, then [again], screaming. The [shooting] stopped at about 6-7 p.m. [Then] Romanian soldiers who had covered the victims with earth came to my apartment. They began telling me that the Germans … were throwing little children alive into the pit, after smearing their lips with poison. [They said] that on this day they had shot to death 68 residents of Karasubazar. Among those shot to death in this group was the head of a pharmacy (I don't remember his name), with 4 members of his family, as well as the co-op tailor Shveynik with 3 members of his family. The belongings of the murder victims were collected by the Germans and the outer clothing of those murdered were also taken....

The ChGK report from Karasubazar The ChGK report from Karasubazar GARF 7021-9-80, copy YVA JM/19913

The following report of the ChGK from 1944 contains a description of the mass murder of the Jews in Karasubazar:
From the testimony of Bakir Smolsky:
... The second kind of the atrocity was carried out against 62 [Ashkenazi] Jews of the city…. On December 10, 1941 two Jews whom I knew came into my gendarmerie office, the one of them named Zhurasovich told me that they had been ordered by the community elder to appear at the town administration building with their belongings, and he asked me where they would be sent. I knew absolutely nothing about this and I thought that they would probably be sent to some camp. So that is what I told him. By the end of the day I learned that the Jews who had been collected at the town administration were taken by the Germans to Sadovaya Street and that their belongings had been sent to SD [headquarters] located at No. 45 Ananyevskaya Street. I learned about what happened afterwards only on the next day. Only Germans took part in this murder. The massacre took place at Sadovaya Street near the hatchery, where the victims of the massacre were buried.…
Audio
Yakov Mangupli, the last Krymchak in Belogorsk (Karasubazar), who was born there in 1954 tells about the murder of the Ashkenazi Jews of Karasubazar
To listen - click here
Yakov Mangupli, the last Krymchak in Belogorsk (Karasubazar), who was born there in 1954 tells about the murder of the Ashkenazi Jews of Karasubazar
Interview by Mikhail Tyaglyy, 2011
The International Institute for Holocaust Research at Yad Vashem